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Green Goodness


Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.

World Health Organization (WHO)

Useful Vocabulary

  • Adverse reaction: (n.) An unexpected and harmful response to a medication, treatment, or substance, usually characterized by undesirable or harmful side effects
    After receiving the flu vaccine, she experienced an adverse reaction, including fever and severe headaches, which required medical attention.

  • Antibiotic: (n.) A type of medicine used to treat bacterial infections by killing or inhibiting the growth of bacteria.
    The doctor prescribed an antibiotic to treat the patient's sinus infection.

  • Ailment: (n.) A minor health problem or illness.
    The doctor diagnosed Sara with a common stomach ailment.

  • Balanced diet: (n.) A diet that contains all the essential nutrients in appropriate proportions.
    Eating a balanced diet with fruits, vegetables, and proteins is essential for good health.

  • Bedridden: (adj.) Someone who is unable to leave their bed due to illness, injury, or weakness.
    After his surgery, John was bedridden for a few days, but with rest and proper care, he started feeling better and was able to get out of bed.

  • Cardiovascular: (adj.) Relating to the heart and blood vessels.
    Regular exercise improves cardiovascular health and reduces the risk of heart disease.

  • Chronic: (adj.) Persisting for a long time or recurring frequently.
    Chronic stress can have detrimental effects on both mental and physical health.

  • Contagious: (adj.) Capable of being transmitted from one person to another.
    The flu is highly contagious during the winter months.

  • Digestion: (n.) The process of breaking down food in the body.
    Proper digestion is essential for absorbing nutrients from the food we eat.

  • Epidemic: (n.) A widespread occurrence of a disease in a particular community or region.
    The health authorities worked to contain the flu epidemic by providing vaccinations.

  • Faith healing: (n.) A form of belief-based treatment where a person's faith and prayers are used to promote healing and improve health, often without medical intervention.
    Some people believe in faith healing and visit religious places to seek help and hope for their recovery.

  • Fitness tracker: (n.) A device worn on the wrist or clipped to clothing that helps monitor and record various aspects of physical activity and health, such as steps taken, distance traveled, heart rate, and sleep patterns.
    Sara loves using her fitness tracker to keep track of her daily steps and make sure she stays active and healthy.

  • Germs: (n.) Microorganisms, often bacteria and viruses, that can cause infections.
    Washing hands regularly helps prevent the spread of germs and illnesses.

  • Health-conscious: (adj.) being aware of and actively seeking to improve one's health.
    Fossil fuels like coal and oil are finite non-renewable resources that are rapidly depleting.

  • Hygiene: (n.) Practices and conditions that promote cleanliness and prevent disease.
    Good personal hygiene, such as regular handwashing, is crucial for staying healthy.

  • Immunity: (n.) The ability of the body to resist and fight off infections and diseases.
    Eating fruits and vegetables can help boost your immunity and keep you healthy.

  • Infection: (n.) When harmful germs, like bacteria or viruses, enter the body and cause illness or disease.
    After a surgery, the doctor prescribed antibiotics to prevent any infection from developing.

  • Inflammation: (n.) A natural process where the affected area becomes red, swollen, and painful as the immune system works to heal and protect the body.
    When Sara fell and scraped her knee, it became red and swollen due to inflammation, but after a few days, it started to heal and feel better.

  • Inpatient: (n.) A person who stays in a hospital or medical facility to receive treatment or care.
    John was recommended to be an inpatient at the hospital for a few days after his surgery so that he could recover under close medical supervision.

  • Lifestyle: (n.) The way a person lives, including daily habits, behaviors, and choices.
    Adopting a healthy lifestyle can lead to better overall well-being.

  • Meditation: (n.) A practice of focusing the mind to achieve mental clarity and relaxation.
    Regular meditation can reduce stress and promote emotional health.

  • Nutrient: (n.) A substance that provides nourishment and is necessary for growth and development.
    Fruits and vegetables are rich sources of essential nutrients.

  • Obesity: (n.) the condition of being excessively overweight or having a high body fat percentage.
    Obesity is a significant risk factor for many chronic diseases.

  • Outbreak: (n.) The sudden occurrence of a disease in a specific geographic area or population.
    The health authorities responded swiftly to contain the measles outbreak.

  • Over-the-counter (OTC): (adj.) Medicines and treatments available without a prescription.
    You can buy common pain relievers over the counter at the pharmacy.

  • Pandemic: (n.) An epidemic that spreads over a large region or worldwide.
    The Spanish flu pandemic of 1918 had a devastating impact on global health.

  • Prevention: (n.) Actions taken to avoid or minimize the occurrence of diseases or injuries.
    Regular exercise and a balanced diet are essential for disease prevention.

  • Sleep deprivation: (n.) The state of not getting enough sleep on a regular basis.
    Chronic sleep deprivation can negatively impact cognitive function and mood.

  • Water intake: (n.) The amount of water consumed in a day.
    Staying hydrated is important, so ensure you maintain a sufficient water intake.

  • Well-being: (n.) The state of being happy, healthy, and content in various aspects of life.
    Regular exercise and a positive mindset contribute to overall well-being.

Speaking Practice

Remember to:

  • structure your responses into three parts: introduction, body, conclusion

  • support your ideas with relevant examples and details


1. Introduction

  • Start your response with a clear and concise introduction that directly addresses the prompt.

  • Restate the topic or question in your own words to show understanding.

  • Provide a brief overview or general statement about the topic to set the context for your response.

  • Avoid going into too much detail in the introduction. Keep it focused and to the point.

2. Body

  • Divide your response into two or three paragraphs to discuss different aspects of the topic.

  • Each paragraph should address a specific point or idea related to the prompt.

  • Begin each paragraph with a topic sentence that clearly states the main point or idea you will discuss.

  • Support your ideas with relevant examples, details, and personal experiences.

  • Use cohesive devices (e.g., linking words, transition phrases) to ensure smooth transitions between paragraphs and ideas.

3. Conclusion

  • Conclude your response by summarizing the main points discussed in the main body.

  • Restate your overall opinion or provide a final thought related to the topic.

  • Keep the conclusion concise and avoid introducing new information.

    For example:

    Ecotourism is becoming increasingly popular as a form of travel. Discuss the concept of ecotourism and its importance for the environment and local communities.

  • Discuss the positive impacts of ecotourism on the environment.

  • Explore how ecotourism can benefit local communities economically and socially.

  • What are the benefits of working remotely?

  • What are the challenges or drawbacks associated with remote work?

Ecotourism has gained significant popularity as a type of travel that focuses on both protecting the environment and benefiting local communities. By promoting responsible travel practices and minimizing negative impacts, ecotourism strives to create a sustainable and harmonious relationship between tourists, nature, and the communities they visit.

To begin with, it is important to define and explain the concept of ecotourism. Essentially, ecotourism involves exploring natural areas while preserving their ecological integrity and cultural authenticity. 

One of the most evident advantages of ecotourism is its positive impact on the environment. Unlike conventional tourism, which often contributes to environmental degradation, ecotourism seeks to protect and conserve natural resources. Through careful planning and management, ecotourism activities are designed to minimize pollution, preserve biodiversity, and maintain the ecological balance. 

Moreover, ecotourism can bring numerous economic and social benefits to local communities. When tourists engage in ecotourism, they often stay in locally owned accommodations, purchase locally made products, and participate in community-based initiatives. This, in turn, generates income and employment opportunities, improves infrastructure, and enhances the overall quality of life for the local residents.


Additionally, ecotourism encourages cultural exchange and understanding as tourists interact with the local communities, learn about their traditions, and gain insights into their way of life. The way I see it, promoting and supporting ecotourism initiatives is of utmost significance. By choosing to participate in ecotourism, tourists actively contribute to environmental conservation and community development. Besides, ecotourism helps raise awareness among travelers about the importance of sustainable practices.

In conclusion, ecotourism offers a responsible and sustainable approach to travel, where tourists can enjoy the natural beauty of a destination while minimizing negative impacts. The positive impacts of ecotourism on the environment are evident through the preservation of biodiversity and the promotion of sustainable practices. Furthermore, local communities benefit economically and socially from ecotourism, resulting in improved livelihoods and cultural exchange. Overall, promoting and supporting ecotourism initiatives is crucial for achieving a balance between tourism, the environment, and local communities.

Discuss the importance of mental health awareness in society.


  • Why is talking about mental health important?

  • Can schools do something to help?

  • What are some common misunderstandings about mental health?

  • How can social media either help or harm mental health awareness?

Possible (essay) questions about the topic of education

  1. Discuss the causes and effects of obesity in modern society.

  2. What are the consequences of sedentary lifestyles and how can they be mitigated?

  3. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of telemedicine.

  4. Should governments impose stricter regulations on the fast-food industry to combat public health issues?

  5. What are the impacts of mental health on overall well-being and productivity?

  6. Discuss the importance of vaccination and its role in public health.

  7. Should governments promote physical education and sports in schools to improve children's health?

  8. Discuss the role of individuals in maintaining their own health and well-being.

  9. What are the challenges and benefits of transitioning to a healthcare system focused on preventative care?

  10. Should smoking be banned in public places to reduce health risks?

  11. Discuss the impacts of substance abuse on individual health and societal well-being.

  12. What are the benefits and drawbacks of alternative medicine?

  13. Should healthcare be considered a basic human right?

  14. Discuss the role of education in raising health awareness.

  15. What are the impacts of air pollution on public health?

  16. Should governments invest more in researching and developing new medical treatments?

  17. Discuss the effects of aging populations on healthcare systems.

  18. Should countries prioritize public health initiatives over economic development?

  19. What are the challenges and benefits of implementing stricter regulations on pharmaceutical companies?

  20. Discuss the role of international cooperation in addressing global health crises.

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