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Germinated Plant


"When the last tree is cut down, the last fish eaten, and the last stream poisoned, you will realize that you cannot eat money."

Native American Proverb

Useful Vocabulary

  • Ecosystem: (n.) A community of living organisms and their interactions with their environment.
    The coral reef ecosystem supports a wide variety of marine life.

  • Biodiversity: (n.) The variety of life forms found in a particular ecosystem.
    The Amazon rainforest is known for its high level of biodiversity with thousands of plant and animal species.

  • Sustainability: (n.) The practice of using resources in a way that meets present needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.
    We need to adopt sustainable practices like recycling and reducing waste to protect the environment for future generations.

  • Conservation: (n.) The protection and preservation of natural resources and habitats.
    The national park is dedicated to the conservation of rare and endangered species.

  • Deforestation: The clearing or removal of trees from a forested area, usually for agricultural or industrial purposes.
    The rapid deforestation in the area has led to the displacement of many wildlife species.

  • Pollution: (n.) The introduction of harmful substances or waste materials into the environment, causing damage to living organisms and ecosystems.
    The factory's emissions have caused significant pollution in the nearby river.

  • Renewable Energy: (n.) Energy derived from sources that can be naturally replenished, such as solar, wind, or hydroelectric power.
    Many households now use solar panels to generate renewable energy for their homes.

  • Global warming: (n.) The gradual increase in the Earth's average temperature due to excessive greenhouse gas emissions. The melting of polar ice caps is a consequence of global warming.

  • Climate change: (n.) Long-term shifts and alterations in climatic patterns and weather conditions.
    Extreme weather events are becoming more frequent due to climate change.

  • Carbon footprint: (n.) The total amount of greenhouse gases, primarily carbon dioxide, emitted by an individual, organization, or product, measured over a specific time period.
    By reducing our carbon footprint through energy-efficient measures, we can help combat climate change.

  • Natural resources: (n.) Materials or substances found in nature that can be used for economic gain, such as water, minerals, and forests.
    The country's economy relies heavily on the extraction of natural resources like oil and gas.

  • Ozone depletion: (n.) The thinning of the ozone layer, primarily in the Earth's stratosphere, due to the release of chemical compounds like CFCs.
    The thinning of the ozone layer has led to an increase in harmful UV radiation reaching the Earth's surface.

  • Renewable resources: (n.) Resources that can be replenished naturally or through human intervention, such as wind or solar power.
    Wind turbines harness the power of wind, which is a renewable resource for generating electricity.

  • Non-renewable resources: (n.) Resources that cannot be replenished within a short period of time, such as fossil fuels like coal, oil, and natural gas.
    Fossil fuels like coal and oil are finite non-renewable resources that are rapidly depleting.

  • Waste management: (n.) The collection, treatment, and disposal of waste materials in an environmentally friendly and efficient manner.
    Proper waste management includes recycling, composting, and responsible disposal of waste materials.

  • Acid rain: (n.) Rainfall that has been polluted by acidic gases and chemicals in the atmosphere, usually caused by industrial emissions.
    Acid rain damages buildings, forests, and aquatic ecosystems due to its corrosive nature.

  • Emission: (n.) The release of gases, particles, or other substances into the atmosphere, often as a result of human activities.
    The government is imposing stricter regulations on vehicle emissions to reduce air pollution.

  • Conservationist: (n.) A person who advocates for the protection and preservation of natural resources and the environment.
    The conservationist is actively involved in organizing tree-planting events to restore local forests.

  • Ecological footprint: (n.) The measure of the impact an individual, community, or organization has on the environment in terms of land, water, and resources.
    By using public transportation instead of driving, you can reduce your ecological footprint and carbon emissions.

  • Environmentalist: (n.) A person who is concerned about and actively works towards protecting the environment and promoting sustainable practices.
    The environmentalist works tirelessly to raise awareness about the importance of sustainable living.

Speaking Practice

Remember to:

  • structure your responses into three parts: introduction, body, conclusion

  • support your ideas with relevant examples and details


1. Introduction

  • Start your response with a clear and concise introduction that directly addresses the prompt.

  • Restate the topic or question in your own words to show understanding.

  • Provide a brief overview or general statement about the topic to set the context for your response.

  • Avoid going into too much detail in the introduction. Keep it focused and to the point.

2. Body

  • Divide your response into two or three paragraphs to discuss different aspects of the topic.

  • Each paragraph should address a specific point or idea related to the prompt.

  • Begin each paragraph with a topic sentence that clearly states the main point or idea you will discuss.

  • Support your ideas with relevant examples, details, and personal experiences.

  • Use cohesive devices (e.g., linking words, transition phrases) to ensure smooth transitions between paragraphs and ideas.

3. Conclusion

  • Conclude your response by summarizing the main points discussed in the main body.

  • Restate your overall opinion or provide a final thought related to the topic.

  • Keep the conclusion concise and avoid introducing new information.

    For example:

    Ecotourism is becoming increasingly popular as a form of travel. Discuss the concept of ecotourism and its importance for the environment and local communities.

  • Discuss the positive impacts of ecotourism on the environment.

  • Explore how ecotourism can benefit local communities economically and socially.

  • What are the benefits of working remotely?

  • What are the challenges or drawbacks associated with remote work?

Ecotourism has gained significant popularity as a type of travel that focuses on both protecting the environment and benefiting local communities. By promoting responsible travel practices and minimizing negative impacts, ecotourism strives to create a sustainable and harmonious relationship between tourists, nature, and the communities they visit.

To begin with, it is important to define and explain the concept of ecotourism. Essentially, ecotourism involves exploring natural areas while preserving their ecological integrity and cultural authenticity. 

One of the most evident advantages of ecotourism is its positive impact on the environment. Unlike conventional tourism, which often contributes to environmental degradation, ecotourism seeks to protect and conserve natural resources. Through careful planning and management, ecotourism activities are designed to minimize pollution, preserve biodiversity, and maintain the ecological balance. 

Moreover, ecotourism can bring numerous economic and social benefits to local communities. When tourists engage in ecotourism, they often stay in locally owned accommodations, purchase locally made products, and participate in community-based initiatives. This, in turn, generates income and employment opportunities, improves infrastructure, and enhances the overall quality of life for the local residents.


Additionally, ecotourism encourages cultural exchange and understanding as tourists interact with the local communities, learn about their traditions, and gain insights into their way of life. The way I see it, promoting and supporting ecotourism initiatives is of utmost significance. By choosing to participate in ecotourism, tourists actively contribute to environmental conservation and community development. Besides, ecotourism helps raise awareness among travelers about the importance of sustainable practices.

In conclusion, ecotourism offers a responsible and sustainable approach to travel, where tourists can enjoy the natural beauty of a destination while minimizing negative impacts. The positive impacts of ecotourism on the environment are evident through the preservation of biodiversity and the promotion of sustainable practices. Furthermore, local communities benefit economically and socially from ecotourism, resulting in improved livelihoods and cultural exchange. Overall, promoting and supporting ecotourism initiatives is crucial for achieving a balance between tourism, the environment, and local communities.

Talk about an environmental challenge your country is currently facing.


  • What is it?

  • How does it negatively impact the environment?

  • What are the possible solutions?

Possible (essay) questions about the topic of education

1. Discuss the causes and effects of air pollution in urban areas.
2. What are the consequences of deforestation and how can it be addressed?
3. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of renewable energy sources.
4. Should governments impose stricter regulations on industries to reduce environmental pollution?
5. What are the impacts of climate change on ecosystems and human societies?
6. Discuss the importance of recycling and its role in waste management.
7. Should governments promote public transportation to reduce air pollution and congestion?
8. Discuss the role of individuals in conserving water resources.
9. What are the challenges and benefits of transitioning to a low-carbon economy?
10. Should plastic bags be banned to reduce environmental pollution?
11. Discuss the impacts of overfishing on marine ecosystems and potential solutions.
12. What are the benefits and drawbacks of nuclear energy as a sustainable power source?
13. Should wildlife hunting be banned to protect endangered species?
14. Discuss the role of education in raising environmental awareness.
15. What are the impacts of industrial agriculture on the environment and human health?
16. Should governments invest more in researching and developing alternative fuels?
17. Discuss the effects of urbanization on the environment and human well-being.
18. Should countries prioritize the preservation of natural habitats over economic development?
19. What are the challenges and benefits of implementing stricter regulations on single-use plastics?
20. Discuss the role of international cooperation in addressing global environmental issues.

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