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Floor Sanding


"Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life."


- Confucius

Useful Vocabulary

  • Ambition: (n.) A strong desire or determination to achieve success or to advance in one's career.
    She had the ambition to become the CEO of a major company and was willing to work hard to achieve it.

  • Career: (n.) The course or progress of a person's working life, including the jobs and positions they hold.
    After completing his education, he embarked on a successful career in finance.

  • Competence: (n.) Competence: The ability to do something well or efficiently.
    The project manager demonstrated a high level of competence in handling complex tasks and coordinating team members.

  • Dedication: (n.) The quality of being committed and devoted to a task or goal.
    The accountants showed dedication to their company by working late hours to meet the deadline for the year-end closing.

  • Entrepreneur: (n.) A person who sets up and runs a business or businesses, taking on financial risks in the hope of making a profit.
    Sara decided to become an entrepreneur and started her own online clothing store.

  • Flexibility: (n.) The willingness and ability to adapt and adjust to new circumstances or requirements.
    The company encouraged flexibility by allowing employees to choose their working hours within certain guidelines.

  • Leadership:  (n.) The action of leading a group of people or an organization, involving guiding, motivating, and influencing others to achieve a common goal.
    John's strong leadership skills motivated his team to exceed their targets.

  • Networking: (n.) The process of establishing and nurturing professional relationships, usually with the goal of mutual support and opportunities.
    Attending industry conferences and actively participating in professional events are excellent ways to engage in networking and expand your professional connections.

  • Promotion: The advancement to a higher position or rank within an organization, typically accompanied by increased responsibilities and benefits.
    After years of hard work and dedication, she finally received a well-deserved promotion.

  • Skillset: The range of skills and abilities that a person possesses, typically relevant to a particular job or field.
    His diverse skillset, including programming, design, and communication, made him a valuable asset to the company.

  • Teamwork: The collaborative efforts of a group of individuals working together to achieve a common goal.
    Effective teamwork is crucial for completing complex projects within tight deadlines.

  • Work-life balance: The equilibrium between one's professional and personal life, ensuring that both are given appropriate time and attention.
    She strives to maintain a healthy work-life balance by allocating time for her family and personal interests.

  • Workforce: The total number of people engaged in or available for work, either in a specific organization or in a particular area or country.
    The company is planning to expand its workforce by hiring new employees for various positions.

  • Workload: The amount of work that a person or organization has to do, often measured in terms of tasks, projects, or time commitments.
    The new project increased his workload, requiring him to manage multiple tasks simultaneously.

  • Job satisfaction: The level of contentment or fulfillment a person experiences in their work or occupation.
    Sara experienced a high level of job satisfaction knowing that her work positively impacted people's lives.

  • Mentorship: The guidance and support provided by an experienced individual (mentor) to a less-experienced person (mentee) to help them develop their skills and advance in their career.
    As a mentor, he provided guidance and support to junior colleagues, helping them develop their skills and careers.

  • Professional development: Activities undertaken to improve or enhance one's professional knowledge, skills, and abilities.
    Attending workshops and seminars is an effective way to invest in your professional development.

  • Work ethic: A set of values and principles that govern an individual's approach to work, including attitudes towards responsibility, productivity, and integrity.
    His strong work ethic was evident in his punctuality, commitment, and attention to detail.

  • Work environment: The conditions, atmosphere, and culture in which work is carried out, including factors such as physical surroundings, relationships with colleagues, and organizational values.
    The company fostered a positive work environment where open communication and collaboration were encouraged.

Speaking Practice

Remember to:

  • structure your responses into three parts: introduction, body, conclusion

  • support your ideas with relevant examples and details


1. Introduction

  • Start your response with a clear and concise introduction that directly addresses the prompt.

  • Restate the topic or question in your own words to show understanding.

  • Provide a brief overview or general statement about the topic to set the context for your response.

  • Avoid going into too much detail in the introduction. Keep it focused and to the point.

2. Body

  • Divide your response into two or three paragraphs to discuss different aspects of the topic.

  • Each paragraph should address a specific point or idea related to the prompt.

  • Begin each paragraph with a topic sentence that clearly states the main point or idea you will discuss.

  • Support your ideas with relevant examples, details, and personal experiences.

  • Use cohesive devices (e.g., linking words, transition phrases) to ensure smooth transitions between paragraphs and ideas.

3. Conclusion

  • Conclude your response by summarizing the main points discussed in the main body.

  • Restate your overall opinion or provide a final thought related to the topic.

  • Keep the conclusion concise and avoid introducing new information.

    For example:

    Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of remote work.

  • What are the benefits of working remotely?

  • What are the challenges or drawbacks associated with remote work?

  • In your opinion, is remote work a viable option for all professions? Why or why not?

Remote work, also known as telecommuting or working from home, has become increasingly popular in recent years. Today, I would like to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of remote work.

Let's start with the advantages. One of the key benefits of remote work is flexibility. Working remotely allows individuals to have more control over their schedule and work environment. Not only can they choose when and where they work, which can lead to increased productivity and work-life balance, but also spare money and time by not having to commute, which also reduces stress and allows for more time spent on personal pursuits.

Another advantage of remote work is the ability to access a global talent pool. Companies are no longer limited to hiring employees from their local area as they can tap into a diverse range of skills and expertise from around the world. This can lead to greater innovation and creativity within teams.

Remote work also promotes inclusivity. It provides opportunities for individuals with disabilities or caregiving responsibilities to participate in the workforce. It breaks down geographical barriers and allows people from different backgrounds and cultures to collaborate and contribute to projects.

However, remote work also has its disadvantages. One major challenge is the lack of face-to-face interaction. Remote workers may feel isolated or disconnected from their colleagues, which can impact teamwork and communication. Building relationships and maintaining a strong company culture can be more difficult in a remote setting.

Another downside is the potential for blurred boundaries between work and personal life. Working from home can make it harder to establish clear boundaries and separate work time from personal time. This can lead to longer working hours and increased stress if not managed effectively. Additionally, remote work may not be suitable for all types of jobs. Some professions require physical presence, and these roles may not be compatible with remote work arrangements. It's important to consider the nature of the job and whether it can be effectively performed remotely.

In conclusion, remote work offers several advantages such as flexibility, access to a global talent pool, and inclusivity. However, it also raises questions related to limited face-to-face interaction, blurred work-life boundaries, and job suitability. Ultimately, whether remote work is beneficial or not depends on the individual, the job requirements, and the organizational support and infrastructure in place."

Describe a mentor or role model who has had a significant impact on your career.


  • Who is this person and what is their profession?

  • How did they influence your career choices or development?

  • What specific qualities or actions of this person made them influential to you?

Possible (essay) questions about the topic of education

1. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of working from home.
2. Should governments invest more in vocational training to address unemployment?
3. Discuss the impact of automation on employment opportunities.
4. Is job satisfaction more important than a high salary?
5. Discuss the benefits and drawbacks of having a part-time job while studying.
6. Should employers prioritize skills and experience over formal education qualifications?
7. Discuss the role of internships in preparing students for their future careers.
8. Should companies be required to provide equal pay for equal work?
9. Discuss the importance of work-life balance in today's society.
10. Is it better to specialize in one field or have a broad range of skills in the job market?
11. Discuss the challenges and benefits of a multicultural workforce.
12. Should employees have the right to work remotely?
13. Discuss the impact of globalization on job opportunities and the economy.
14. Is job security more important than job satisfaction?
15. Should companies offer more flexible working hours for employees?
16. Discuss the impact of social media on recruitment and job searching.
17. Should the retirement age be increased or decreased?
18. Discuss the role of entrepreneurship in economic growth and job creation.
19. Should employees be allowed to access social media during working hours?
20. Discuss the importance of lifelong learning and continuous professional development.

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